Cybersecurity Training and Certification Options
Today, one of the most critical fields in the digital space is cybersecurity. This is a field that is focused on identifying and preventing digital attacks. For those looking for a job as a cybersecurity specialist, they are also going to be responsible for preventing hackers from gaining access to networks and servers. In essence, a cybersecurity analyst will encompass all of the digital security measures at a company.
All organizations have to make sure they invest in malware detection and protection systems, advanced firewalls, VPNs, and other security measures. Cybersecurity analysts will also play a role in teaching others how these threats unfold, how to identify them, and how to prevent them from taking down a company or a network. In this manner, the prevention of a cyberattack represents one of the main jobs of someone who works in cybersecurity.
What is Cybersecurity?
First, it is vital to take a look at what cybersecurity is. The goal of digital security is to prevent cyberattacks from unfolding. A few types of digital security include:
- Network Security: The goal of network security is to employ processes and techniques that are used to guard against unauthorized network access. When discussing access control and identity management, this is one of the main topics.
- Operational Security: When data packets are sent between two separate areas, it could be stolen or intercepted en route. With operational security, this data is tracked, protected, and watched closely to reduce the chances that it might be stolen.
- Application Security: Mobile applications are a significant vulnerability issue in today’s world. With application security, all programs have to be patched, tested, and updated regularly to ensure they do not act as a doorway through which hackers can enter.
- Information Security: With information technology security, the goal is to take confidential information and protect it from being hacked. When looking at the information security triad, this is termed ICA or integrity, confidentiality and availability.
Types of Cybersecurity Threats
When looking at cybersecurity threats in today’s world, a few of the most significant issues are:
- Man in the Middle Attack: Even though data is commonly encrypted when it departs one device and reaches another, it could be vulnerable in the middle, which is where this type of attack unfolds.
- Phishing: When this attack occurs, a hacker will try to fool an individual into transmitting his or her login credentials virtually. Then, the criminal could gain access to the server if there is not two-factor authentication in place.
- Spear Phishing: This attack might also be labeled as social engineering. When this occurs, the attack hones in on a single person, using social media accounts to learn everything about that individual. Then, the goal is that he or she will give up his or her login information.
- Denial or Distributed Denial of Service Attack: With this attack, hackers will try to deluge a server with a litany of requests, causing it to shut down and stop working.
- Trojans: With this attack, a hacker usually reaches out over email and attaches something that looks legitimate but contains a virus. Therefore, when it is opened, the virus is unleashed, and it attacks the system.
- Social Engineering: This is another name for the spear phishing attack mentioned above, and the goal is to trick someone into giving up his or her username or password using personal information collected on an individual to spark trust.
- Ransomware: This is a devastating cyberattack during which a virus encrypts everything on a company’s server. Then, the hackers demand a ransom to release the files. It is nearly impossible to fix this attack once it takes place.
- Malware: This is a broad term that includes all files, codes, and attacks that might seek to damage or harm the network, data, or servers.
- Secure Sockets Layer Attack: By overwhelming an SSL server with requests for useless information, this type of attack will lead to severe problems for those who would like to access this server with legitimate requests.
- Cross-Site Scripting: Also called XSS, the goal is to upload malicious code lines into a website. Then, when someone accesses this website, the malware uploads itself to the user’s computer.
- DNS Spoofing: Also called a poisoned DNS cache, a bad string of code targets the DNS resolver. Then, attackers can gain privileges they should not have, providing them with network access.
Types of Cyberattacks
When people go through the cybersecurity training process, they will cover a wide variety of cyberattacks. A handful of everyday topics are:
- Birthday Attack: When this attack occurs, a real message is swapped out for a fake one. This takes advantage of communication privileges that generally exist between two entities.
- Password Attacks: This term is used to describe anything that tries to steal someone’s password. This also includes “brute force” attacks, which are rapidly-guessed password options until one works.
- Drive-By Attack: By targeting websites that are not properly secured, a hacker can upload harmful scripts into the pages, leading to viral infections of any computers that reach out to that site.
- SQL Injection Attack: By taking an SQL query from the database, hackers can insert SQL commands into the data plane. As a result, they gain access to privileges they should not have. Essentially, this attack allows hackers to get around login and password protection walls.
- Eavesdropping Attack: This attack aims to target and steal data as it moves throughout the server and network. This is common if the data is not properly encrypted.
The Importance of Cybersecurity Training for Employees
Nobody can handle cybersecurity on their own, which is why employees need to be involved. Some of the top reasons why employees must learn about cybersecurity include:
- When employees know why cybersecurity is essential, they are more likely to apply the right cybersecurity strategies.
- Many attacks in the digital world are going to target employees who simply do not know any better, such as phishing attacks.
- IT professionals need help from everyone to keep an eye on the entire network or server and all of its components.
This is where the cybersecurity best practices are critical.
Cybersecurity Best Practices
A few of the best practices everyone should know about cybersecurity are:
- Never give someone access to information they do not require to do their job.
- Ensure that all employees are educated on the latest threats in the world of cybersecurity.
- Proper password hygiene must be necessary, requiring numbers, letters, characters, and regular password rotations.
- Use two-factor authentication at all times to boost digital security measures.
- Tell employees that they should never share their personal information over email.
When the right practices are employed, cybersecurity will improve dramatically.
Training for a Career in Cybersecurity
Everyone must learn about their options if they are interested in cybersecurity training for a career. With numerous jobs available, there are multiple ways that someone can get involved in this exciting field. By checking out a few of the cybersecurity courses and jumping on the training process, everyone can position themselves to be competitive when applying for a job in digital security.
Options for Cybersecurity Training
For those who are looking to take a job in cybersecurity, there are lots of training paths. These include:
Offline: Also called a traditional training course, this choice is often for those who want to pursue financial or business cybersecurity. This is common for those going to a conventional, four-year school where they rotate buildings for classes and possibly live on campus.
Online: At the same time, it makes sense that many cybersecurity degrees and courses will take place online, given that this is the focus of the field. Anyone trying to join the ranks of cybersecurity professionals will end up spending a large amount of time on the internet. Therefore, it is a good idea to take a look at these online options as well. With cybersecurity training online programs, cybersecurity awareness, and more, these courses will cover many of what people need to succeed.
Self-Paced: This is ideal for anyone who has a busy personal life and wants to tailor their learning to meet their individual needs. For example, those who want to go to class at midnight can still do this, allowing them to learn about advanced persistent threats on their time with a powerful, comprehensive cybersecurity training curriculum program.
Real-Time: Anyone who thinks they might have trouble sticking to a schedule they make on their own will want to go with a real-time training program. This is a more traditional format that will cover general data regulation, viruses, malware, and other familiar topics that are important in the world of cybersecurity.
Hybrid: There are also hybrid courses that might blend offline, online, real-time, and self-paced classes together. This could give individuals the chance to figure out how they learn best, particularly when it comes to high-value skills.
Bootcamp: Lastly, this is usually viewed as an immersive program where people eat, breathe, sleep, and live cybersecurity for a short period. Those wanting to become a cybersecurity professional will commonly enroll in these fast-paced programs to learn everything they need to know to provide them with an edge when they start to look for a job.
Numerous courses will be required to make a career in cybersecurity. A few of the major topics include:
- Foundations in Computer Science
- Access and Control Management
- The Detection of Viruses, Malware, and Trojan Horses
- Advanced Data Protection
- Securing Operating Systems from End to End
- Basic Security for Computers and Networks
- The Pillars of Cybersecurity
- Computer Programming
- Discrete Math
- Network Security Tools and Methods
In addition to taking courses, it helps earn cybersecurity certificates because they demonstrate both foundational and added skills that will be useful in this field. These certificates include:
- CompTIA Network +: This is a certificate that covers topics with wireless networks, wired networks, and the basics of infrastructure in the IT world.
- CompTIA Security +: This is a foundation certification that usually takes 24 months to finish. This certificate will cover issues related to virtual defense, cyberattacks, and strategies in cybersecurity.
- Certified Ethical Hacker: This is a professional who commonly works in test situations. The goal is to detect gaps in the world of cybersecurity, allowing organizations to patch them before a hacker finds them.
- Licensed Penetration Tester: A similar job, this is someone who is going to run simulations of hacks that might take place. If gaps are found, the company can patch them before someone else tries to exploit them.
- Certified Information System Security Professional: With this certificate, individuals will learn about a wide range of topics, including networks, telecom, identity management, and critical issues regarding a cybersecurity framework.
- Certified Information Security Manager (CISM): This is a coveted degree that requires 60 months of experience before someone can even apply to complete it. Covering everything from compliance to cybersecurity management, information security program development, and more, experts usually obtain this degree.
- Certified Cloud Security Professional: This is a certificate that is going to cover novel and emerging topics in the world of cybersecurity, including cloud operations, cloud data security, some of the significant teleworking risks, as well as legal compliance.
- NIST Cybersecurity Framework: The National Institute of Standards of Technology (NIST) certificate is a badge that shows individuals have the skills required to build and manage comprehensive cybersecurity systems.
- Certified Information Systems Auditor: With this certificate, individuals will be prepared to audit systems for various gaps and holes that need to be filled to protect organizations from harm.
- Cisco Certified Network Associate Security: Usually termed a CCNA certificate, this is used to demonstrate proficiency related to a Cisco system. With this certificate, professionals can build a strong security infrastructure.
- Computer Hacking Forensics Investigator: This is a certificate that will teach people how to find deleted data, discover evidence on computers, and cover a wide range of topics related to forensics in the digital world.
When it comes to cybersecurity training near me, it is critical to look for cybersecurity hands-on training. By signing up for the appropriate cybersecurity training courses covering a wide range of topics, individuals can start learning cybersecurity from scratch and be more prepared to take a job in the cybersecurity workforce. Many people are looking to reduce cybersecurity training costs, and there are numerous choices. There are also options for cybersecurity training for veterans.
There are many paths when it comes to cybersecurity degrees. Professionals may complete four years of college, while others start with an associate’s degree before finishing their bachelor’s degree. In the end, most people have a four-year degree before they enter this field. These degrees are often in IT, computer science, or computer engineering.
There are a Variety of Cybersecurity Degrees
When looking at the cybersecurity degree options, several examples are:
- Computer Information Systems: This training program focuses on servers, networks, and devices that cover a vast amount of distance.
- Information Technology: This is a general major that will cover programming, software, hardware, and cybersecurity topics.
- Cybersecurity: A specialized degree that is not as common as the others, this degree will cover attacks and protection strategies.
- Computer Science: A broad training program, this degree is going to provide people with the foundational knowledge they need to operate computer systems efficiently
How Long is Cybersecurity Training and Education?
The path to obtaining a cybersecurity degree will vary from school to school and from trainee to trainee. While almost all professionals have a four-year degree, some people complete an associate’s degree first before completing the last two years at a four-year school. Other people might go into the IT workforce before returning to school or transferring to a cybersecurity department. Often, those who lack a four-year degree have a cybersecurity certification; however, most cybersecurity professionals still have a four-year degree along with a cybersecurity training certification.
There will be more jobs with cybersecurity created in the near future as demand in this field grows.